TAREA its partners and member organizations conduct various projects
East Africa Renewable Energy Partnership
East Africa Renewable Energy Association has partnered with Berufliche Fortbildungszentren der Bayerischen Wirtschaft (bfz) to promote access to renewable energy in the region of East Africa. The project is financed by the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development through Sequa. The project runs from April, 2016 to September 2018. The activities that will be implemented are expected to bring the following results:
Result 1: The performance capacity of the associations is enhanced.
Result 2: The association has an improved service portfolio that is demanded by members as well as customers and partners.
Result 3: The national association is an acknowledged and visible dialogue partner and information provider for enterprises, politicians, administration and the public.
Result 4: National association actively take part in cross-border discussions on strategies and measures with regard to core issues.
Partners of the project are Berufliche Fortbildungszentren der Bayerischen Wirtschaft (bfz), Burundi Renewable Energy Association (BUREA), Energy Private Developers-Rwanda (EPD), Kenya Renewable Energy Association (KEREA), Tanzania Renewable Energy Association (TAREA), Uganda National Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Alliance (UNREEEA).
Masasi - Enzkreis Partnership
Masasi District Council and Masasi Town Council in the Mtwara region has partnered with Enzkreis, in the northwest of Baden-Württemberg, Germany, to promote energy efficiency and access to sustainable modern energy. Masasi District Council, Masasi Town Council and Enzkreis have partnered to promote the use of renewable energy and promote best practices of sanitation. The activities of the partnership consist of the installation of solar photovoltaic systems to the 29 (23 Masasi District Council and 6 Masasi Town Council) dispensaries/health centre and associated 53 staff houses, training of 12 rural solar artisans, conduct technology awareness raising to the beneficiaries (council leaders and villagers), training of the end-users on the best practices in using solar systems, and publication of the project through media and gatherings like Nane-Nane Fair in Lindi, Southern Tanzania.
The above activities were realized in phase I that ended on 31.12.2018. Phase II will be implemented from 1.1.2021 to 31.12.2023
Phase II project will install 23 solar photovoltaic systems at the secondary schools, dispensaries and Masasi District Hospital: training of teachers and village boys on solar photovoltaic technology (installation and maintenance); training of students and medical staff on the best practices in using solar photovoltaic systems; develop teaching materials on the climate change; training of the women at the health centre on the effects of the climate change; establish environment training centre; conduct climate exhibition; tree planting at Mbuyuni district hospital; and public awareness on the impacts of the greenhouse gases.
The project is financed by the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development through Engagement Global Program.
TAREA is the third partner responsible for the provision of the technical support that the best results are achieved.
Mwanza-Wuerzburg City Partnership
The city of Mwanza and Wuerzburg have partnered to implement development activities in Mwanza. TAREA participates in the partnership as a renewable energy association operating in the city of Mwanza. TAREA implements the activity of replacing kerosene lanterns for fishing with solar lanterns. Fishing on Lake Victoria using kerosene lanterns has negative impacts as kerosene spills into the water. TAREA plans to scale up the activity through mainstreaming the use of solar for drying fish and promotion of tree planting.
SOLAR FINANCE 4 ALL
Tanzania Renewable Energy Association (TAREA) and Italian organizations of Associazione Microfinanza E Sviluppo Onlus (AMS), Associazione Mazingira Onlus, NADIR Onlus and Museum of Science in Trento (MUSE), together will be implementing the project called SOLAR FINANCE 4 ALL in the districts of Malinyi and Kilombero in Tanzania. The first phase was in the period of 26.1.2018-25.1.2020. The project period has been extended to December 2021.
The project goal is to improve access to solar and photovoltaic technologies and their quality, in the rural communities in Malinyi and Kilombero districts, in Tanzania, by investing in innovative processes, already successfully tested in the country. The project aims at creating a sustainable method to have access to renewable technologies, and namely solar photovoltaic: the availability of good solar technologies in the rural area will be developed by the communities themselves, through savings and loans groups and distribution channels in local shops, and through local technicians. The process includes the following steps:
1) Awareness on functioning and benefits of solar compared to other sources of energy (wood, charcoal, kerosene, petrol, etc.);
2) Availability in rural areas of good quality products coming from Dar Es Salaam;
3) Installation and maintenance competencies made available within the project area;
4) Good access to financial resources to purchase renewable energy products through savings and loans informal and semi-formal systems that already exist; and
5) Creation of a rotating fund with a long term perspective that will be continuously regenerated and will be placed at a National Tanzanian Association, surviving at the end of the project.
Beneficiaries: Communities of Misegese, Kipingo, Lugala, Igawa, Mang'ula A and B, Mwaya and Mgudeni villages.
Donor: Autonomous Province of Trento (APT)-Italy
Time frame: 26 Jan 2018 – 31 Dec 2020
TAREA - Netherlands Enterprise Agency
TAREA through the Netherlands Enterprise Agency has received financial support from the Energy Transition Facility (ETF) of the Kingdom of the Netherlands to implement the advocacy Enabling Solar Irrigation for Smallholder Agriculture in Tanzania.
Purpose of the project: Tanzania smallholder farmers use sustainable clean energy for irrigation in agriculture, reducing the use of fossil fuel and related CO2 emissions, by support to policy development on replacement of petrol generators in agriculture by solar photovoltaic systems.
The project works to enable smallholder farmers to access solar irrigation technologies.
Duration: March 2020 - July 2021
Officers from the government authorities learning about the potentials of using smallholder solar irrigation system in smallholder agriculture in Dodoma.
TAREA Mini Grid Advocacy
Tanzania Renewable Energy Mini-Grid sector is facing the challenge of a business model with high tariffs. TAREA is leading the dialogue with government authorities that incentives can be enacted that can result in reduced electricity tariffs. The initiative started in September, 2018.
Thanks to Sida that provides financial contribution.
TAREA-SNV Biomass Policy Dialogue
TAREA has been subcontracted by SNV Netherlands Development Organization to implement the assignment of the biomass policy dialogue. The assignment duration will be from March 2020 to December 2021.
The objectives that will be implemented in the assignment are:
1.0 Define the lead Ministry for the Cooking Sector and advocate for the improved cookstove policy statement
2.0 Participate in the enforcement of improved cookstove standards
3.0 Ensure ICS data is incorporated into the next REA Energy Situational Analysis Report, and
4.0 Establish Clean Cooking Alliance Chapter for Tanzania
TAREA-URBIS Foundation Partnership
Tanzania Renewable Energy Association (TAREA) and URBIS Foundation of Bayern-Germany work together to implement activities that aim at promoting access to renewable energy technologies and protect the environment.
Projects implemented are narrated underneath.
January - December 2015
1.0 Parliamentary exhibition
TAREA conducted a renewable energy exhibition and meeting with members of parliament in Dodoma in February 2015. The aim of the activity was to sensitize the members of parliament on the potentials of renewable energy for enabling rural off-grid areas to access sustainable modern energy. It was further aimed at advocating lawmakers supporting the campaign of asking the Government of Tanzania to reinstate VAT exemptions on solar technologies. The activity contributed to the decision of the Government of Tanzania to reinstate VAT exemptions to the solar panels, solar inverters, solar charge controllers, solar batteries, direct current lights and solar water heaters.
2.0 Radio talks
Radio talks were conducted in order to raise awareness to the rural off-grid communities on the potentials of renewable energy technologies. Most of the radio stations that were used are the ones that have wide rural coverage. Radios that were used are: Radio Orkonerei in Babati (Maasai Radio); Passion FM in Mwanza; Radio Ukweli in Morogoro; Radio One in Dar es Salaam; and Radio Upland in Njombe.
The impact of the radio was increased uptake of solar home systems and improved fuelwood/charcoal stoves.
3.0 National Renewable Energy Day
The event took place in June 2015 in Masasi in the Mtwara region. The aim of the event was to increase awareness of the potentials of renewable energy technologies.
The impacts of the event were increased uptake of solar photovoltaic technology.
4.0 Tanzania Renewable Energy Directory 2016-17
The two years (2016-17) directory was developed to help those who need quality renewable energy services.
The impact was increased access to quality-verified solar photovoltaic products.
January - December 2016
1.0 Advocating the National Environment Management Council for Establishment of Frameworks Governing the Electronic Waste Disposal in Tanzania
Project goal: To have a formal regulatory framework controlling the disposal of electronic waste in the country.
Results: The study on the volume of solar batteries imported from 2014 to 2016 conducted; and the Vice President Office started developing the regulations on electronic wastes recycling.
2.0 National renewable energy day 2016 in Njombe
The activity was held in Njombe from 11th to 12th November 2016. The event was held to raise awareness of renewable energy to the residents of the Njombe Region.
Project result: Increased uptake of renewable energy technologies in the Njombe region.
3.0 Networking university students into the renewable energy sector
The activity was conducted to intervene in the problem of inadequate renewable energy manpower capacity in Tanzania.
The activity was conducted at the University of Dodoma (Dodoma), Sokoine University of Agriculture (SUA), Institute of Planning and Development (Dodoma), Nelson Mandela African Institute of Technology (Arusha), Arusha Technical Institute (Arusha) and SAUTI University (Mwanza).
The impact of the activity was increased enrolment of students pursuing renewable energy studies.
4.0 Enabling households of Malinyi access to solar systems
Malinyi village in the Morogoro region was an off-grid rural and remote location. Most households used kerosene wick lanterns for lighting. Few households that already used solar systems received rewards from relatives living in urban areas. The program of replacing kerosene wick lanterns worked through Village Cooperative Banks (VICOBAs). There were 12 VICOBAs each having 30 household members. 407 households replaced kerosene lanterns by solar lanterns.
January - December 2017
1.0 Project School Program in Babati and Simanjiro Districts
Simanjiro and Babati are among the districts in Tanzania that are semi-desert. The inhabitants live on keeping cattle and growing maize and beans. Cooking energy used is biomass but its availability is limited. The sources of cooking energy used are firewood, straws and cow dung. Sources of lighting energy that are used are kerosene and straws. Kerosene is very expensive and few families can afford it. Biomass cooking energy is used in an unsustainable manner, no tree replanting is done. Due to the design of houses that have small windows, there is an impact of smoke on health. The project is aiming to raise awareness on alternative cooking equipment, lighting equipment like solar lanterns and tree replanting. Secondary school students were used as a bridge to the households.
The immediate results of the project are:
- Sensitized authorities of Babati and Simanjiro on the potentials of renewable energy technologies;
- Mobilized 10 secondary schools for the project sites
- Trained 19 teachers as project coordinators
2.0 TAREA Member Need Assessment
TAREA plans the activities in a participatory manner with members. This project was conducted with the purpose of understanding members’ needs, uncovering unaddressed issues and determine the level of satisfaction of members to enable the association to evaluate itself, create members value and improve service provision.
The project was conducted through the following organization:
1) Members’ meetings in Arusha, Mwanza and Dar es Salaam;
2) Questionnaires were used to collect members’ opinion;
3) TAREA used consultant that Secretariat does not influence the results;
4) Members of Secretariats in Arusha, Dar es Salaam and Mwanza were not allowed to attend the meeting to enable a free atmosphere of members presenting their opinions concerning the performance of Secretariats.
January - December 2018
Project name: Enabling girls of Malinyi Division-Tanzania access quality education, safe and good school living environment
The objective of the project: To enable girls at Kipingo Secondary School in Malinyi Division to access quality education
Project Description: Project was developed to intervene in the problem of poor girls' livelihood. The project activities consisted of the installation of a solar photovoltaic system on the newly built girls’ dormitory and sensitization of the students on the potentials of the solar photovoltaic technology. The dormitory was constructed to provide a safe living and learning environment for the girls. Electricity guarantees the availability of lighting, allowing girls to study in the evening. The stay at the dormitory will become more attractive, preventing girls from staying in rented rooms in the local village, which has been the cause of a series of unwanted pregnancies and subsequent school drop-outs. TAREA conducted a school program using solar technology in which girls were convinced to pursue science subjects.
Results of the project; (1) 900Wp solar system was installed (2) Girls started pursuing science subjects and leading in the classrooms.
January - December 2019
Project: Training of Girls on Solar Installation and Maintenance Southern Highland Tanzania
The project was developed to intervene in the problem of girls' poverty in Southern Highland Tanzania. Most of the girls who drop out of school are forced to leave their children with their parents and go to the urban areas to work as housemaids where life ends in misery through low pay and sexually abuse. The project targeted girls coming from poor families and school drop out for various reasons including pregnancy. Project trained girls on solar installation and maintenance. Girls were trained on how to get customers. The project provided girls with tools so that they are able to start working just after completing the training. TAREA through its network established contacts between trained girls and retailers in the respective localities. 13 girls benefited from the project.
Impacts of the project: Girls have stayed at home in villages and self-reliant.
January - December 2020
Project: Installation of 1.28kWp solar photovoltaic system for girls of Preiswerk Girls Secondary School, Ifakara, Tanzania
The goal of the project is that girls of Tanzania access secondary education equally to boys in quality and number.
Problem this project wants to solve is the limited livelihood opportunities to the Tanzanian girls. The situation is caused by the limited opportunities for the girls to access quality education and a quality learning environment. The situation at Preiswerk Girls Secondary School is resulting from a lack of reliable and clean electricity. The national rates of enrollment and completion of girls in secondary education, compared to the boys is low, despite high rates of girls in primary education. In 2016 the enrolled for primary education were 4,265,714 boys and 4,373,488; while students enrolled for secondary education were 905,896 boys and 901,059 girls [The United Republic of Tanzania, President Office Regional Administration and Local Government, Pre-Primary, Primary and Secondary Education Statistics in Brief, 2016]. Tertiary enrollment for the years of 2010, 2012, 2013 and 2014 shows the continuous higher enrolled of boys to girls as following: 2010 (girls 1.86% and boys 2.38%); 2012 (girls 2.68% and boys 5.17%); 2013 (girls 2.46% and boys 4.81%); and 2014 (girls 2.67% and boys 5.22%) [Education Policy and Data Centre https://www.epdc.org/country/tanzania]. Girls’ limited access to quality education has resulted in low girls’ literacy rate compared to the boys for the age of 15 to 24: 1988 girls 77.87% and boys 86.2%; 2002 girls 76.2% and boys 80.92%; 2010 girls 72.77% and boys 76.49%; 2012 girls 84.85% and boys 87.17%; and 2015 girls 84.64% and boys 87.01% [http://www.uis.unescop.org/country/Tanzania].
The school is located in the off-grid area, 10km from the possible point of connection to the national grid. Extending the grid to the school will cost about Euro 90,318. The intervention will be realized through the installation of a solar photovoltaic system with storage and light-emitting diode (LED) bulbs, and sensitize students and teachers on the potentials of solar technology, and good practices of using the solar photovoltaic system. Further, the project will assist teachers of Preiswerk Girls Secondary School to establish a solar fund from the available finance at the school.
The solar photovoltaic system will replace the diesel generator that is polluting and costly to the school. The diesel generator in place, KIPOR KDE12STA3 consumes 5,256litres/year (4hours run a day) costing TZS 11,563,200 [=Euro 4,547]/year emitting 14,086KgCO2/year.
LED bulbs will replace the conventional tube lights and decrease the energy consumed for lighting from 15.47kWh/day to 3.13kWh/day.
January - December 2021
Project: Enabling Sustainable Use of Biomass for Cooking at Public Secondary Schools in Malinyi District
The project objective is to enable the Malinyi secondary schools and communities use solid biomass for cooking sustainably. The objective will be realized through introducing efficient and clean fuel wood stoves at the 2 public secondary schools, and tree planting. Further, community will be introduced to and sensitized on the importance of using efficient cooking stoves and planting trees for the fuel wood.
If the project will be successful at the two schools, it will be scaled up to other schools within Malinyi District.
Photo 1 shows the current kitchen and photo 2 shows the new stoves.